UCSIA | USOS | IOB
Teaching Chair Jef Van Gerwen sj
Debating Development – Academic Year 2018 - 2019
The Jef Van Gerwen sj Teaching Chair examines issues of corporate social responsibility and spiritual leadership. It has been established in commemoration of Jef Van Gerwen sj, a Jesuit from Antwerp who pioneered the field of corporate ethics in Flanders and who co-founded UCSIA.
Global Warming as a Threat to Developing Countries: Prospects, Policies and Preferences
Lecture on Tuesday October 30th 2018
The organizers of the lecture by Gaël Giraud (UCSIA) and Kristof Perez (IOB-USOS Debating Development Series) decided to pool the two events.
The 2015 Sustainable Development Goals link climate action with development policy.
The recent IPCC Special Report confirms the factuality of climate change and points out that some populations bear a disproportionate higher risk of its adverse consequences:
- (a) specific regions such as indigenous peoples and local communities dependent on agricultural or coastal livelihoods,
- (b) the least developed countries in general and
- (c) poor disadvantaged populations in all societies.
Limiting global warming to 1.5°C, compared with 2°C, could reduce the number of people both exposed to climate-related risks and susceptible to poverty by up to several hundred million by 2050.
Can collective and individual action contribute to mitigation of or adaptation to climate change? How to handle its disproportionate development effects?
||Welcome | Bea Cantillon, Chairperson UCSIA and 11.11.11
||Introduction | Luc Van Liedekerke, promoter Teaching Chair Jef Van Gerwen sj
Climate Change, Development, Civic Engagement and “The Commons”
lecture by Gaël Giraud, Chief Economist, Agence Française de Développement
In line with the 2015 Sustainable Development Goals-approach, the Agence Française de Développement (AFD) re-designed its development policy in the light of climate change with the creative intellectual support of its chief economist Gaël GIRAUD.
AFD developed the PVCCI-index to measure the disproportionate physical impact of climate change on populations such as the French overseas territories.
Maintaining and developing close social ties is an inherent part of a strategy to solve ecological problems and of development policy. The “Relational Capability Index 2.0” is grounded in theories of social justice. It measures the intensity of involvement in human relations and civic engagement as a key dimension of human development; it is an index of poverty in itself.
The concept of governance of the commons is a cornerstone of French development policy. States, the private sector, NGO’s and citizens should govern common and scarce resources such as water, biodiversity or even cultural diversity together. They must define rules for sharing the resources in a participatory manner with all stakeholders. This approach is valid for local communities, and the keynote speaker is convinced that it can be scaled up to a global political project.
Gaël Giraud is a French economist, specialized in general equilibrium theory, game theory, finance and energy issues. He is chief economist at the Agence Française de Développement, affiliated with University of Paris 1-Sorbonne Economic Centre (CES) and associated researcher at the Paris School of Economics (PSE). He is also member of the Scientific Committee of the “Laboratoire d'Excellence” devoted to financial regulation (LabEx ReFi) and member of the Steering Committee on the Energy Shift within the French government.
He has published fifteen research articles in Anglo-saxon academic reviews in economy, and four books including La théorie des jeux (Garnier-Flammarion, 2005), 20 propositions pour réformer le capitalisme (Édition Garnier-Flammarion, 2009), Le facteur 12, pourquoi il faut plafonner les revenus, with Cécile Renouard (Carnets Nord, Paris, March 2012) and Illusion financière (Les Éditions de l’Atelier, March 2013). Gaël Giraud is a Jesuit, living a spiritual and intellectual life dedicated to social justice.
The EU, Governance of Climate Change and Development
lecture by Stefaan Vergote, Directorate-General Climate Action, European Commission
Stefaan VERGOTE is in the right place to evaluate the EU-climate and energy policy in terms of strengthened multi-level governance, institutional capacity and policy instruments for mitigation and adaptation. To what extent and how does the EU integrate development goals into its climate action? How does it address the disproportionate effects of climate change on developing countries? Can Europe play a role to associate citizens, states, civil society and the private sector into “governance of the commons”?
Stefaan is Deputy Head of the unit for energy and environment of the Directorate-General Climate Action (European Commission). He deals with the EU - Emission Trading Scheme, burden sharing of greenhouse gas emissions, renewable energy and the legal framework for carbon capture and storage. The respondent previously worked as a scientific researcher at VITO and as a consultant at the Flemish agency for research funding. He is a civil electro-technical and mechanical engineer of KU Leuven.
What Can I Do as an Individual?
response by Kristof Cuadros Perez, Climate Response
Kristof CUADROS PEREZ created Climate Response to provide the general public and students with scientific knowledge on climate change. The organization also promotes discussion on topics such as continuous economic growth and population growth.
The recent IPCC-report mentions changes in human behaviour and lifestyle as enabling conditions. In other words: what can I do as an individual? The respondent presents some stimulating ideas and challenges the audience’s commitment. Facts and figures are presented that summarize the role of governments, corporations, science and individuals in fighting climate change. In this, the vital importance of the sum of individual actions is unveiled. The respondent draws attention to the reactions of economist Geert Noels and weather forecaster Frank Deboosere to the IPCC-report. Amongst different possible contributions to fight climate change, they challenge the absence of a public discussion on demographics and put forward the limitation of the family size to 2 children as a vital contribution.
Kristof Cuadros is an Environmental Engineer and Project Manager. He has worked for leading environmental engineering companies to co-develop a new generation of high rate wastewater treatment systems, designed for energy efficiency. Currently he works for the world’s largest environmental service company as a project manager of industrial wastewater treatment plants. His hands-on experience in both environmental sciences and industry has lead the respondent to found Climate Response.
||Question & Answer
Building a Common World? “Commons” as a Political Project
Masterclass on Tuesday October 30th 2018
Under discussion will be the topic of “common goods” and “commons" as deployed at the French Development Agency (AFD). The concept of “governance of the commons” is a cornerstone of French development policy. It is both a determining factor in public policy dialogue with southern partner countries as part of “governance” for which responsibility was transferred to the AFD by the Quai d’Orsay last year, and a seemingly decisive concept for imagining a “modern” (i.e., heir to the Aufklärung) way out of contemporary neo-liberal aphasia.
Interview with Gaël Giraud on the question of "commons" at the blog of the Agence Française de Développement.
Mr. Giraud will highlight the original Relational Capability Indicator (2012) and its updated 2.0 version (2014). The Relational Capability Index (RCI) tries to capture the quality of the social bonds among people, and provides information on their social fabric. The index entails three dimensions: integration into networks, private relations, and civic commitment.
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